Sometimes it's the people no one imagines anything of... who do the things no one
- Alan Turing in The Imitation Game
Alan Turing did something no one else could...
Working at a secret British facility during World War II, he and his team cracked the infamous German Enigma code, shortening the war by years and saving millions of lives.
Turing was brilliant and yet all his life he was constantly bullied, harassed and obstructed — even by those who knew his abilities.
Nonetheless, he persevered against huge obstacles.
Though he led only a handful of people, he helped save the world.
Alan Turing (1912 – 1954) was a pioneering British computer scientist, mathemetician, and cryptoanalyst. Turing is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence.
During the World War II, Turing worked for the Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park, Britian's codebreaking center. He played a pivotal role in breaking the famous Enigma code, once thought impenetrable. His work enabled the Allies to defeat the Germans in many crucial engagements, including the Battle of the Atlantic. It has been estimated this work shortened the war in Europe by at least two years.
After the war, he designed one of the first stored-program computers and the Manchester Computers, both huge breakthroughs.
In 1952, when such behavior was still criminal, Turing was prosecuted for same-sex acts. He accepted chemical castration as an alternative to prison; the treament led to his death two years later at age 42.
In 2009, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown made an official apology on behalf of the British government for the appalling way [Turing]was treated. Queen Elizabeth II granted him a posthumous pardon in 2013